New Utopias and Plans to Build the Perfect Community
The allure of utopia means that no matter how many times previous attempts at creating a utopian state have failed, there will always be someone willing to try again. Here are some current utopian projects that are trying to put theory into practice.
Victory City is conceived as a self-contained, highly compact and ecologically friendly city that would be built in the country side, with little impact on the surrounding environment. Since everything would be self contained there would be no cars, meals would be communal and served at cafeterias, and the ambient temperature would be warm even in the coldest winter, thanks to large windows to catch the sunlight. http://www.victorycities.com/
The Principality of New Utopia
New Utopia is a planned micronation to be built on sea platforms erected on a sea mount in the Caribbean, off the coast of Mexico. It is currently run by Prince Lazarus and Princess Maureen. They seem to have a desire to implement some of the theories of Ayn Rand. http://www.new-utopia.com/
Not technically a plan for a utopia, as much as a really detailed vision of the ideal city conceived by French artist and illustrator Gilles Tréhin. Urville, the capital of a large island province in France, has a population of nearly 12 million, making it the one of the most significant cities in Europe. It is also entirely imaginary.
Over the course of over 20 years, Tréhin has sketched hundreds of architectural drawings and maps of his imaginary city, as well as creating a history and statistics about its demographics and culture. http://trehinp.dyndns.org/urville/
Communities Within Communities
The world is more populated than it once was and there is less room for isolationist Utopian societies. Most utopian communities today consist of groups of individuals agreeing to share a common vision. They exist as enclaves within larger societies. The German utopian colony of ZEGG is typical. ( See site: http://www.zegg.de/). In the 1960s and 70s, many counterculture members and hippies established communes. Some exist to this day. However the hippie communes of the 1960s were not a new phenomenon. The United States has had a long tradition of religious and social experimentation, with utopian societies being formed as early as the 1700’s. In fact, the Puritan attempt to found a theocracy can be viewed as a utopian movement.
There still are many utopian communities operating in the United States, many of which are open to visitors. This site offers a list of utopian communities in the United States: http://www.easternct.edu/depts/amerst/utopia.htm